Please see the remarkable film, “Hidden Figures.”
CNN: “They did the math: How NASA’s black mathematicians multiplied success
By the time NASA was preparing to send John Glenn into space computers were used to calculate launch conditions.
It wasn’t long before then that the space agency and its predecessor, the National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics, used “computers in skirts” to do all the number-crunching.
That’s right: humans, namely women, comprised the workforce known as the “Computer Pool” before the arrival of electronic data processors, aka, computers in the 1960s. Black women played a crucial role in the pool, providing mathematical data for NASA’s first successful space missions, including Glenn’s pioneering orbital spaceflight.” Read more…